Fort Myers Hip Orthopedic Services
The hip joint is a ball and socket joint found where the femur connects with the pelvic bone. It is an essential joint in vertebrate anatomy as it supports the weight of the body and allows the possibility of movement through walking, running and jumping.
Many factors can cause complications and hip disorders, hence necessitating medical attention from one of our hip orthopedic doctors.
Common Hip Conditions We Treat in Fort Myers
At Choice Medical Center, we treat a variety of hip conditions from minor pains to full hip replacement.
Hip Arthritis (osteoarthritis and osteonecrosis)
Hip Arthritis is a medical condition which is associated with inflammation and pain in the hip joints. This type of arthritis affects individuals of all ages, races, and sexes. Hip Arthritis mostly affects the hip’s synovial joints and the cartilaginous joints. It is diagnosed through x-rays and blood tests. The doctor can also check for a swollen hip joint. There are two types of Hip arthritis;
Osteoarthritis is a hip joint condition that damages the anterior parts of the joints. This in turn leads to an abnormality in the movement of the joints. If a hip joint develops osteoarthritis, the cartilage on the edges of the bone starts roughening and become thin. The bone beneath the roughing cartilage becomes thicker while the tissues in the joint become very active. The hip joint also swells, and the bone at the edge of the joints begins growing outwards.
This is a disease caused by the reduction of blood flow to the bones in the joints and in this case the hip joint. In individuals with healthy bones, new bones grow and replace old bones. The lack of enough blood flow to the bones in the hip joints, therefore, causes the old bones to break down at a higher speed than the body can generate new bones. Other than affecting hip joints, this condition affects the knees, upper arm, ankles, and shoulders.
Hip strains and fractures
Hip fractures occur when an individual breaks the upper part of the thighbone (femur). A hip strain, on the other hand, can be as a result of an injury that not necessarily leads to an adverse damage in the hip bone. The extent of the damage when a hip fracture occurs is determined by the forces involved.
A hip dislocation occurs when the head of the femur separates from the pelvic bone as a result of aggressive or intense force. Hip dislocation can either be anterior or posterior with posterior dislocation being the most common traumatic dislocations.
This is a painful condition where the bursae (fluid-filled sacs that act as a cushion and lubricate the joints) swell and become inflamed. The swelling and inflammation cause severe pain on the outside of the thigh and the hip. Orthopedic treatment for hip bursitis is mainly aimed at controlling the inflammation at the bursae.
Hip dysplasia and other developmental conditions
Hip dysplasia is a condition where the socket on the pelvic bone is too wide to cover the head of the femur.This results in a loose hip joint that in severe cases may dislocate. Hip dysplasia can affect both hips but mostly occurs on the left hip. It is also very common in girls and is present from birth.
Slipped capital femoral epiphysis (SCFE)
SCFE is a condition where the head of the femur is displaced and turns backward causing pain during movement. This condition affects adolescents, mostly boys. It occurs during rapid growth. An adolescent may develop SCFE due to obesity, a metabolic disorder or a family history that is prone to the condition.
Fort Myers Hip treatments
Hip arthroscopy surgery
Hip arthroscopy surgery is a procedure where a surgeon makes small incisions, the width of a straw tip, without actually cutting through soft tissues. The procedure is monitored using an arthroscope (an advanced HD camera), and specialized instruments are used to work inside the joint.
Hip replacement surgery
This is a procedure that involves completely extracting a damaged joint and placing an artificial joint in its place. This procedure is aimed at relieving hip joint paint hence an individual can walk easier. Some of the approaches used in this surgery include;
Minimally invasive posterior approach
This is a technique where a surgeon replaces a damaged hip joint by making an incision from the side of the hip. The procedure involves cutting through muscles and tissues to get to the hip joint.
Direct anterior approach
This is a surgical procedure where unlike the latter, a surgeon replaces a damaged hip joint by making a 3-4 inches incision at the front of the hip without having to detach any muscles or soft tissues.
Hip revision surgery
This is a surgical procedure involving the repair of an already existing artificial hip joint that is worn out. A revision surgery is necessary when the original artificial hip joint is damaged by normal wear and tear or is worn out. After some time, the artificial hip joint becomes loose as a result of wear and tear hence needs to be attended to prevent pain and discomfort when a patient is in motion.
Hip resurfacing surgery
This procedure involves making artificial adjustments to the femoral head. The damaged cartilage in the socket is also replaced with a metal shell to restore normal functionality to the hip joint.